Food in Chiang Mai 1: Akha Tribal Food

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Hill tribes Thailand, Artwork 2002
Hill tribes Thailand, Artwork 2002 ©

Phennapha a close friend cooked me an Akha meal, which I ate at her and her sister Phing Phing’s wonderful tribal textiles shop at the bottom of Anusarn Night Market in Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand. The shop is the third one in from the Charoen Prathet Road Gate. A couple of week’s later Phennapha invited my nephew Paul, his girlfriend Yui and I for another meal, while they were in Chiang Mai. Unfortunately, Yui was ill. So it was up to Paul and I to support the team, though we could make little dent in the mass of food.

 I searched the web for Akha food the following day to identify what we had without success. Many of the greens Phennapha says only have Akha names and: ‘are not available in your country.’ She also said Akha food is plain and simple, but it does not look so to me. Though it certainly, fits into my own personal myth of ‘international peasant food’, as amongst the best food in the world.

The Akha.org website has little information but does say two things:

  1.  ‘Akha food is full of variety, little of it processed, most all of it natural without chemicals, sprays or preservatives.’ Akha food is basically organic, as Phennapha says, because we don’t use chemicals in the village, nor in our garden in Chiang Mai.
  2. ‘Chilli peppers and salt,’ the Akha website says. But upon closer examination we find a much more variety. In the village Akha food is mainly vegetarian without eggs even. Meat and fish are usually for special occasions. You can’t be killing a water buffalo or pig everyday.

In town of course things are different. Phennapha has told me as a young teenager of taking a pony into the jungle and cutting bamboo leaves and coming back with both her and the pony heavily laden. It’s easy to romanticise village life but I suspect it was very tough. My friend Rukmini in India, when she was very young needed buffalo milk, so an old man and a young boy walked three days from the village to bring the buffalo.

I chided Phennapha with her contention that Akha don’t eat hot food, with the chilli quote above, but she is too smart for me and brought out the Hill Tribes book (hers is in Thai but we have an English one at home) pointing out again several relatives who are pictured in the book. (There are also pictures of the swing festival in her village. It is in September and one day I’d like to go and see it.) She reminded me that the Akha are divided into three broad divisions (with several sub-divisions). The Akha Loimi and Akha U Lo and Akha China or Phami (her branch; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akha_people). The Loimi and U Lo do indeed eat lots of chilli.

Akha1WP

The photographs below are what we ate. In the first photo with more dishes the pork is at the bottom right and the fish in the centre. Both dishes have similar ingredients and both are cooked in a banana leaf. The pork is steamed and the fish is barbecued. The pork has young green spring onion, coriander, lemongrass, a little chilli and salt. The fish the same ingredients plus garlic and I sprinkled lemon on mine. Both were delicious and tasted quite different.

The beans in the middle of the second picture were from Phennapha’s mother’s garden. They are a particular variety and were cooked by stir-frying slowly in oil and garlic with young spring onions.

The pumpkin was relatively plain but ‘more-ish’.

The sour dish bottom right was sour bok choy with white radish. The three mushroom dish in almost a soup was young pumpkin leaf, with green ginger leaf (smashed). The three fungi were: he nam fa (white), he lom (hard and slightly yellow) and he ghnum (brown mouse-ear). There were also three types of jungle leaf (without a known English equivalent, one sour, one with a strong smell). Not a great description but the best I can do.

Akha2WP

For desert we had papaya and watermelon and also lots of pineapple juice with the meal. The better papaya came from a friend.

I won’t tell you what I ate at Phennapha’s at Chinese New Year last year, you’d be green with envy, besides I can’t remember all the dishes! I was plied with wine. The women at the party didn’t drink and the men only drank beer.

I have known Phennapha for more than a decade and Phing Phing for several years and consider them as close friends.

March 2016 Update

March 2016 Update with pictures, Click Here.

Further information

The definitive book on the Akha and other hill tribe peoples in Thailand is Paul and Elaine Lewis, Peoples of the Golden Triangle: Six tribes in Thailand Thames and Hudson (1984 and 1998).

See also

Wikipedia Akha people

Akha Ama Coffee site

Jakarta Post Article no longer online

Key words: Akha people, tribal food, Anusarn Night Market, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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